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The Writing Techniques You Should be Utilising!


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Words - the Tool of Every Writer!

As a writer, you know that words are your main tool. They’re what you use to capture the reader’s attention and convey ideas from one person to another. And if there’s one thing that separates great writers from average ones, it’s their ability to convey those ideas in the most powerful way possible – by using techniques like imagery, metaphor, hyperbole, alliteration, consonance and assonance (known together as sound devices).


This technique is all about description. The point of a piece of writing is to evoke an image in the reader’s mind, not just what happens or what people say or do, but how it makes you feel as well as how it looks, sounds and smells.

These descriptions should be detailed enough for the reader to actually see what is happening on the page – in their head! If done well, this technique will make your writing more vivid and give it more impact. This can be achieved by using sensory details such as colour, texture and sound – and all five senses (so not just sight).

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Metaphor and Simile

Metaphor and simile are two of the most commonly used literary devices in English. In both cases, you’re comparing two unlike things using the words “like” or “as.”

However, there’s a difference between metaphor and simile – the former uses one word while the latter uses more than one word. A metaphor is when you want to compare two unlike things without using the words “like” or “as.” For example:

  1. She was a shooting star (metaphor)
  2. He had eyes like melted chocolate (metaphor)


Hyperbole is a type of exaggerated statement. It can be used to express a feeling, as in “You’re the best friend I’ve ever had!” or to make an idea more vivid and interesting, as in “That book was SO boring!”

Hyperboles are often based on supposed comparisons between two things that are very different, such as “He’s so tall he could touch the sky!” or “She’s so pretty her hair looks like gold!”

In some cases, they may also use words such as ‘never’ or ‘always’ that don’t actually mean anything: “I never saw a dog like this one before.”

Hyperboles can be used for comic effect (when you want people to laugh) or for dramatic effect, for example: “I’m so excited right now!” vs “My heart is racing!” vs “My nerves are completely shot!”


Alliteration is the repetition of a sound at the beginning of two or more words. It can be used to create a rhythm and to emphasise an important idea.

Alliteration is most often found in poetry, where it’s sometimes used to make up entire stanzas, but it can also be found in prose writing as well.

For example, this sentence contains alliteration: “We went to Washington DC during our vacation last year…” In this case, the ‘w’ sound is repeated three times at the beginning of each word: went; Washington; DC; vacation; year. Alliteration isn’t always so obvious though – it may be subtle enough that you don’t notice it until after reading something several times!


Consonance is the repetition of consonants in a word or phrase, particularly at the beginning.

Example: Free free free free free.

The repetition of “f” creates a pleasant cadence and helps our ears recognise that the word is about freedom.


Assonance is the repetition of vowel sounds within a line of poetry. It’s a common trick in song lyrics, like “love me tender” or “don’t stop believing.”

Assonance is used to reinforce rhythm and meter, as well as create an emotional connection between reader and writer. It can be subtle or obvious.


Foreshadowing is a literary device that hints at what is to come later in the story. It’s used to create suspense and build tension but can also be used to foreshadow the climax of a story.

Proofreading and Editing

Proofreading and editing are two ways of making sure your writing doesn’t contain any mistakes. If you’re like most people, though, you’ll have a hard time proofreading your own work. That’s because our brains have trouble focusing on the errors in our own writing and instead pay attention to what we meant to say or why we wrote something the way it is.

So how do you fix this? One solution is to get someone else’s opinion on what you’ve written – but not just anyone! You want someone who will give honest feedback about whether or not there are any errors in your writing and help you correct them.

We can help with proofreading and editing. Get in touch with us to find out more.

We're Not Finished Yet! These Tips May Also Help...

Editing is the key to writing well. Without it, your copy will be full of awkward phrases, confusing sentences and spelling mistakes that make you look unprofessional. Proofreading and editing are two different things: proofreading checks for errors in spelling, grammar and punctuation; editing improves the flow (the organisation) of your work.

If you don’t have time for this process to feel like a chore, then try writing in short bursts – 40 minutes here or there – and then coming back to it later on when you’re fresh again. This way you can spot any problems earlier than if they go unnoticed until after finishing a whole piece of text!

Don’t be afraid to use spellchecker software either; while it doesn’t pick up everything, it can still help improve your copy before getting feedback from others.


We hope you found this article helpful, and we encourage you to try out some of these techniques in your own writing. Writing is a skill that can be improved with practice, so keep practicing!

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